Topic: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
6. Account for the contributions of Dairy sector to climate crisis in India. (250 words)
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
The article brings to us contributions of Dairy sector to climate crisis.
Key Demand of the question:
One is to account for the contributions of Dairy sector to climate crisis and suggest way forward.
Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Structure of the answer:
Start with key facts related to Dairy sector in general.
Harvesting animals for dairy and animal-based products in India is a major source of livelihood for 150 million dairy farmers. The products are a source of nutrition and food security for a significant chunk of the population as well. The dairy sector accounts for 4.2 per cent of the national gross domestic product.
Then move on to debate about the harmful consequences of animal harvesting on climate. Methane from animal waste contributes to 75% of total greenhouse emissions from the dairy sector.
Discuss the various challenges and risks to climate that the sector brings.
Give examples and suggest what needs to be done, give solutions.
Conclude that dairy producers cannot ignore the climate consequences of the sector. They need to proactively ramp up production of plant-based human food alternatives to dairy products. Otherwise they may risk being forced to do so reactively by government regulation.