Pampore (Saffron Production in India) – PuuchoIAS


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Source: BBC

 Context: Pampore, known as the centre of the country’s saffron (referred to as “red gold”) cultivation has seen a decline in productivity.

About Saffron:

Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the “saffron crocus”. The vivid crimson stigma and styles, called threads, are collected and dried for use mainly as a seasoning and colouring agent in food

The main issues impacting saffron production in Pampore are:

  1. Climate change
  2. Erratic rainfall patterns
  3. Higher temperatures
  4. Expansion of urban areas onto saffron fields
  5. Insufficient investment in irrigation and farmer training, contribute to the challenges faced by saffron cultivation

Iran, India, Spain and Greece are the major saffron-producing countries with Iran occupying the maximum area and contributing about 88% of the world’s saffron production. Though, India occupies the 2nd largest area but produces approximately 7 per cent of the total world production.

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