Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;
6. The consequences of our actions are important and we should weigh these up when we consider what we should do. Evaluate the statement in the context of utilitarian ethics. (150 words)
Difficulty level: Moderate
Why the question:
The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2024 Secure.
Key Demand of the question:
To write about the ways to strengthen moral character among civil servants.
Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence. You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.
Structure of the answer:
Begin by describing utilitarian ethics.
Explain utilitarianism, a moral theory that argues that actions should be judged right or wrong to the extent they increase or decrease human well-being or ‘utility’. It state that consequences of an action are good, then the act is moral and if the consequences are bad, the act is immoral.
Next, give the other side of the argument. As actions should be determined by principles rather than by consequences.
Conclude with a balanced opinion.