The process of burning farm residue is one of the major causes of air pollution in parts of north India, deteriorating the air quality. Moreover, the inability to convert stubble as fodder leads to economic losses as well. Examine. – PuuchoIAS


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. The process of burning farm residue is one of the major causes of air pollution in parts of north India, deteriorating the air quality. Moreover, the inability to convert stubble as fodder leads to economic losses as well. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth , Insights on India

Why the question:

A strange paradox emerged in the primary economic sector in India recently: A section of farmers, especially in Punjab, burnt the residue after harvesting their wheat even as fodder prices shot up.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues related to stubble burning and discuss the role bio-decomposers can play in tackling it.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is stubble burning and the reasons why it is undertaken.

Body:

First, wite about the effects of the stubble burning on air quality in north India and it impact on health and ecosystem.

Next, write as to how the inability to use stubble as fodder is an economic loss.

Next, policy measures that have been takin this regard so far and examine the effectiveness in addressing the problem. explain bio-decomposers, their functioning and efficacy in addressing the issue of stubble burning.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to tackling stubble burning holistically.

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