Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
5. What is the difference between forest area and forest cover? Why is it important to improve the forest cover in the country? Discuss in light of recent Forest Survey report 2021. (250 Words)
Reference: Down to Earth
Why the question:
Recent Forest Survey Report 2021 shows an overall decadal decline in forest cover in India’s 52 tiger reserves, Gir
Key Demand of the question:
The question aims to address the importance of improving the forest cover in the country and assess the efforts of the government in this direction.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer:
Give the context of the Question and highlight how forest cover has decreased in India’s tiger reserve as shown by a recent forest survey report.
Start by differentiating between forest area and forest cover. Also, explain the importance of forest cover, why is it important to improve it.
Explain in detail the efforts made by our country in this direction, many initiatives brought by the ministry to bring out transformational changes in policies and programs include – Massive tree plantation, Promoting urban forestry through Nagar Van Scheme, Landscape based catchment treatment of major rivers, LiDAR-based survey of degraded forest areas for soil moisture conservation projects and, Launch of National Transit Portal to facilitate smooth movement of Forest produce, etc.
Conclude with the importance of forest cover conservation.