Sunderbans | IASbaba


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Part of: GS Prelims and GS -III – Biodiversity

In news The devastation caused by cyclone Yaas in West Bengal led to the huge ingress (entry) of saline water which affected thousands of acres of agricultural land.

  • The West Bengal government has been distributing relief and compensation and also salt tolerant varieties of paddy to farmers.

What are the consequences of the ingress of saline water? 

  • It kills standing crops and increases salinity of the soil 
  • It makes the cultivation of regular high-yielding varieties almost impossible for the next few years which may result in food crisis in the region 

About Sundarbans

  • Sundarbans is a vast contiguous mangrove forest ecosystem in the coastal region of Bay of Bengal spread over India and Bangladesh on the delta (world’s largest) of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers.
  • It contains the world’s largest mangrove forests. 
  • It is the only mangrove forest in the world inhabited by tigers.
  • Sundarbans Tiger Reserve was created in 1973.
  • Sundarbans National Park, established in 1984, constitutes a core region within the tiger reserve.
  • It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.
  • Sunderbans was designated as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 2001.
  • Sundarban Wetland, India was recognised as the ‘Wetland of International Importance’ under the Ramsar Convention in January 2019.

News Source: TH


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