Facts for Prelims (FFP)
Context: The Munnar Wildlife Division in Idukki, India, has successfully transformed the Pazhathottam area in the Anamudi Shola National Park from a burnt-out land filled with exotic tree species into a lush 50-hectare forest.
- This eco-restoration project carried out with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), removed exotic species and planted natural grass, revitalizing the area.
As a result, wildlife like bison and wild elephants have returned, and bird species like the Nigiri Pipit are now regular visitors. The project also revived natural streams, ensuring water security downstream.
An eco-development committee named “Haritha Vasantham” was formed for the project, involving local residents in its implementation.