[ Day 4 – June 23, 2022] 75 Days Mains Revision Plan 2022 – Modern India & Ethics – PuuchoIAS


Modern India

Q1. Illustrate how every protest of Mahatma Gandhi can be seen as an evolution of various forms of dissent. (10M)

Q2.  Do you think colonial indifference in governance gave boost to the rise to Indian nationalism? Critically evaluate the role of British policies in fanning Indian nationalism. (15M)

Ethics

Q3. Do you agree with the view that “there is no business for the government to be in business”? Critically analyze. (10M)

Q4. Case study (20M)

You are working for a multi-national biopharma company, which is on the verge of a major breakthrough. The announcement of the breakthrough will lead to a rise in the value of the company stock thereby bringing the much-required growth. The company unlike other companies has been at the forefront in finding solutions for those diseases that have been neglected by most others; furthermore, the company is planning to market their product in a price range, which would make it affordable to everyone in the world, irrespective of their economic status.

On the day when final clearance was to be awarded, you come across a serious mistake which was unintentionally committed by one of the members in your team, any declaration of this mistake would delay the clearance to be awarded by at least a year. Your senior management appeal to you that you do not take any action on this mistake and keep it as a secret until the clearance is awarded. They appeal to you on humanitarian grounds since the medicine would be of use to many millions around the world and furthermore it would help the company and the colleagues for whom the clearance is not a matter of profit but rather a matter of profitability.

In this situation, answer the following questions:

  1. Can ethics be compromised if it achieves a noble outcome like in this case study? Justify your opinion.
  2. What are the options available to you in this situation? Debate their pros and cons and choose any one of these options with due justification for choosing it.

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