Since the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, there has been a discernible improvement in India’s counterterrorism mechanisms. Complex challenges, however, continue to confront India. Examine. – PuuchoIAS


Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6. Since the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, there has been a discernible improvement in India’s counterterrorism mechanisms. Complex challenges, however, continue to confront India. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

The November 2008 Mumbai attacks, also referred to as the 26/11 attacks, prompted the central government to critically heighten its counter-terrorism operations and re-examine several aspects of its already straining ties with Pakistan.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about improvements in counterterrorism mechanisms post 26/11 and the present challenges in this area.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving the context of the deadly attacks of 26/11 on India.

Body:

First, mention the changes witnessed in counterterrorism mechanisms post 26/11- Intelligence capabilities and inter-agency coordination, plugging vulnerabilities of India’s maritime and coastal security architecture, emphasis on cyber security etc.

Next, mention the evolving nature of terrorism and the threats it poses – social media radicalisation, changes in Afghanistan, cyber terrorism, lone wolf attacks etc.

Next, write about the measures needed to tackle the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

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