Global Food Security Index, 2021


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Global Food Security Index, 2021

Part of: Prelims and GS II – Policies and interventions  

Context India is ranked at 71st position in the Global Food Security Index which was released recently.

Top  ranking countries

  • Ireland, Australia, the UK, Finland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Canada, Japan, France and the US shared the top rank with the overall GFS score in the range of 77.8 and 80 points on the index.

Bottom five countries are

  • Malawi(109th), Sudan(110), Mozambique(111), Yemen(112) and Burundi(113).

Performance of  India and its neighbours

  • India held 71st position with an overall score of 57.2 points on the GFS Index.
    • It fared better than Pakistan (75th), Sri Lanka (77th), Nepal (79th) and Bangladesh (84th). 
    • But the country is way behind China (34th position).
  • Pakistan (52.6 points) and Sri Lanka (62.9 points) scored better than India (50.2 points) in the category of food affordability.
  • Over the past 10 years, India’s incremental gains in overall food security score were lagging behind that of Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.

About Global Food Security (GFS) Index

  • The GFS Index was designed and constructed by London-based Economist Impact and is sponsored by Corteva Agriscience.
  • It measures the underlying drivers of food security in 113 countries, based on the factors of affordability, availability, quality and safety, and natural resources and resilience.



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